Basic And Applied Thermodynamics – A Ready Reckoner


Author: Bhat G S

ISBN: 9789388005074

Copy Right Year: 2019

Pages:  606

Binding: Soft Cover

Publisher:  Yes Dee Publishing

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SKU: 9789388005074 Category:


This book is written in a simple and lucid manner comprehensively covering Basic and Applied Thermodynamics for students and faculty of Mechanical, Automobile, and Aeronautical Engineering. It unravels the subject in a systematic manner using variety of illustrative examples taken from university examinations.

Additional information

Weight .7 kg
Dimensions 23 × 18 × 3 cm

Table of Content

Chapter 1 Basic Concepts and Definitions
1.1 Definition of Thermodynamics
1.2 Definitions of Related Terms
1.3 Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics
1.4 Measurement of Temperature
1.5 Comparison of Temperature Scales
1.6 Constant Volume Gas Thermometer
1.7 Ideal Gas Temperature Scale
Chapter 2 Heat and Work
2.1 Forms of Energy
2.2 Internal Energy
2.3 Heat
2.3.1 Characteristics of Heat
2.4 Work
2.4.1 Thermodynamic Definition of Work
2.4.2 Characteristics of Work
2.5 Sign Conventions for Heat and Work
2.6 Classification of Work
2.6.1 Mechanical Forms of Work
2.6.2 Non-mechanical Forms of Work
2.7 Differences between Heat and Work
Chapter 3 First Law of Thermodynamics
3.1 First Law for a Closed System Undergoing a Cycle
3.2 First Law for a Closed System Undergoing a Change of State
3.3 Alternative Statement of First Law of Thermodynamics
3.3.1 Different Forms of the First Law for a Non-cyclic Process
3.3.2 Illustrations of Q −W = ΔE
3.4 Important Consequences of the First Law of Thermodynamics
3.5 Classification of Energy of a System
3.6 Pure Substances
3.7 Flow Work
3.8 Enthalpy of a Pure Substance
3.9 Specific Heats of a Pure Substance
3.10 First Law Applied to Flow Process (Control Volume)
3.11 Applications of SFEE
Chapter 4 Second Law of Thermodynamics
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Definitions
4.3 Performance of Direct Heat Engine
4.3.1 Second Law of Thermodynamics Related to Direct Heat
Engine (Kelvin−Plank’s Statement)
4.4 Reversed Heat Engine
4.4.1 Second Law of Thermodynamics Related to Heat Pump or
Refrigerator –Reversed Heat Engine (Clausius Statement)
4.5 Equivalence of Kelvin−Planck and Clausius Statements
4.6 Reversible and Irreversible Processes
4.6.1 Causes of Irreversibility
4.7 Reversible Heat Engine
4.8 Important Consequences of the Second Law
4.8.1 Consequence 1: [CarnotTheorem2]
4.8.2 Consequence 2: [CarnotTheorem1]
4.8.3 Consequence 3: [Absolute Scale of Temperature
(Kelvin scale of Temperature)]
4.9 Carnot Engine
Chapter 5 Entropy
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Clausius Inequality
5.3 Entropy is a Property of a System
5.4 Principle of Increase of Entropy
5.5 Reversible Process on a T-S Diagram
5.6 Carnot Efficiency
5.7 Entropy Generation (Closed System)
5.8 Entropy Generation for anopen system
5.9 Exergy or Availability or work-potential
5.10 Reversible work and irreversibility
5.11 Second – Law Efficiency
5.12 Availability of a closed system
5.13 Availability in a steady Flow process
5.14 The TDS Relations
5.15 Isentropic Efficiencies
5.16 Entropy Generation for a Control Volume
5.17 Available Energy and Unavailable Energy
Chapter 6 Properties of Pure Substances
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Property Diagrams for Simple Compressible Substance
6.3 Definitions
6.4 Specific Properties of Pure Substances
6.5 T-s, h-s, and P-h Diagrams for a Pure Substance
6.6 P-V-T surfaces
6.7 Determination of Dryness Fraction (x) of Steam in a Laboratory
Chapter 7 Ideal Gases and Gas Mixtures
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Definitions of Certain Terms
7.3 Change in Internal Energy, Enthalpy and Entropy for an Ideal Gas
7.4 Heat and Work for an Ideal Gas with Various
Quasi-Static Processes
7.5 Mixture of Ideal Gases
7.5.1 Definitions of Certain Terms
7.5.2 Dalton’s Law of Partial Pressure
7.5.3 Amagat-Leduc Law of Additive Volumes
7.5.4 Density of a Gas Mixture
7.5.5 Relation among Partial Pressure, Partial Volume, and Mole
Fraction of Individual Gases of a Mixture
7.5.6 Gas Constant of a Mixture in terms of Mass Fraction
7.5.7 Molecular Weight of the Mixture in terms of Mass Fraction
7.5.8 Gas Constant of the Mixture in terms of Mole Fraction
7.5.9 Properties of Gas Mixture – Gibbs−Dalton Theorem
7.5.10 Specific Heats of a Gas Mixture
Chapter 8 Thermodynamic Property Relations
8.1 Introduction
8.2 Maxwell’s Relations
8.3 Clapeyron Equation
8.4 General Relations for du, dh, ds, cv and cp
8.5 Joule−Thomson Coefficient
8.5.1 Relation for Joule−Thomson Coefficient
Chapter 9 Real Gases
9.1 Introduction
9.2 Compressibility Factor
9.3 Equations of State for Real Gases
Chapter 10 Combustion Thermodynamics
10.1 Introduction
10.2 Enthalpy of Formation and Enthalpy of Combustion
10.3 Heating Value
10.4 Adiabatic Flame Temperature
Chapter 11 Testing of IC Engines
11.1 Introduction
11.2 Torque, Power, and their Measurements
11.2.1 Air Consumption Measurement
11.3 Frictional Power Measurement
11.4 Performance Parameters
Chapter 12 Refrigeration
12.1 Introduction
12.2 Air Refrigeration System
12.3 Reversed Brayton Cycle
12.4 Vapour Compression Refrigeration System (VCR)
12.4.1 Factors Affecting the Performance of Vapour Compression
12.5 Volumetric Efficiency
12.6 Desirable Properties of an Ideal Refrigerant
12.7 Vapour Absorption Refrigeration System (NH3-Water)
Chapter 13 Psychrometrics
13.1 Introduction
13.2 Definitions
13.3 Important Equations to Remember
13.4 The Psychrometric Chart

Chapter 14 Gas Turbines and Jet Propulsion
14.1 Introduction
14.2 Major Fields of Application of Gas Turbines
14.3 Classification of Gas Turbines
14.4 Merits of Gas Turbines
14.5 Constant Pressure Combustion Gas Turbines
14.6 Methods for Improvement of Thermal Efficiency of Open Cycle Gas
Turbine Plant
14.7 Effect of Operating Variables on ηth
14.8 Closed Cycle Gas Turbine (Joule Cycle)
14.8.1 Optimum Pressure Ratio for Maximum Work
14.9 Jet Propulsion
14.9.1 Turbojet Engine
14.9.2 Basic Cycle for Turbojet
14.9.3 Thrust, Thrust Power, Propulsive Efficiency _ηp) and
Thermal  Efficiency
14.10 Turboprop Engine
14.11 Ramjet Engine
14.12 Turbofan
14.13 Pulsejet Engine
14.14 Rocket Engines
Chapter 15 Gas Power Cycles
15.1 Introduction
15.2 The Carnot Cycle
15.3 Constant Volume or Otto Cycle
15.4 Mean Effective Pressure (Pm)
15.5 Constant Pressure or Diesel Cycle
15.6 Dual Combustion Cycle (Limited Pressure Cycle or Mixed Cycle)
15.7 Comparison of Otto, Diesel, and Dual
Combustion Cycles
15.8 Atkinson Cycle on P-V Diagram
15.9 The Stirling Cycle
Chapter 16 Reciprocating Air Compressor
16.1 Introduction
16.2 Applications of Compressed Air
16.3 Reciprocating Compressor Terminology
16.4 Working of a Single-acting Air Compressor (Without Clearance)
16.5 Three Types of Compression Processes
16.6 Compressor Efficiencies
16.7 Clearance Volume in a Compressor
16.7.1 Indicated Compression Work With Clearance
16.7.2 Actual Indicator Diagram
16.7.3 Volumetric Efficiency
16.7.4 Factors that Lower Volumetric Efficiency
16.8 Free Air Delivery (FAD)
16.9 Limitations of Single-Stage Compression
16.10 Multistage Compression
16.10.1 Work Done in Multistage Compressor with Intercooler
16.10.2 Heat Rejected Per Stage of Compression
16.10.3 Condition for Minimum Compression Work (Optimum
Intermediate Pressure)
16.10.4 Minimum Compression Work Input For Two-Stage
Chapter 17 Vapour Power Cycles
17.1 Introduction
17.2 Carnot Vapour Power Cycle
17.3 Ideal Rankine Cycle
17.4 Practical Rankine Cycle
17.5 Methods to Increase the Efficiency of the Rankine Cycle
17.6 Reheat Rankine Cycle
17.7 Super Critical Rankine Cycle
17.8 Regenerative Rankine Cycle
17.9 Binary Vapour Cycle
17.10Combined Gas-Vapour Power Cycle

• Bibliography

About The Author

Dr. G. S. Bhat is a Professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering of Acharya Institute of Technology, Bengaluru. He obtained his Bachelor of Engineering in Mechanical Engineering from National Institute of Engineering, Mysore in 1985, Master of Science in Mechanical Engineering with specialization in Thermal Engineering from University of Texas Arlington, United States of America in 1993, and Ph.D in Mechanical Engineering with specialization in Thermal Engineering from Anna University in 2011. He has been teaching Basic and Applied Thermodynamics since 1986. He has guided many innovative projects for both undergraduate and postgraduate students. He has been conferred with Albert Nelson Lifetime Achievement Award from USA for Engineering Teaching in 2018.


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